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The Glera Grape behind Prosecco Wine in 1000 Phrases


All the pieces You Must Know concerning the Glera Grape & Prosecco Wine… and extra.

Glera is the grape selection (the kind of grapes) used to make the ultra-popular Prosecco glowing wines.

Glera is actually the synonym of Veneto’s Prosecco grape of northern Italy. The identify by which it’s now formally recognized.

Prime Attention-grabbing & Enjoyable Info about Glera/Prosecco

What you need to actually learn about Glera & Prosecco – Prime 5 Info:

1- Prosecco wines MUST be constituted of a minimal of 85% Glera grapes utilizing the tank methodology (Charmat).

2- Glera is a semi-aromatic selection which means it may be slightly aromatic, floral and fruity when grown with care and low yields.

Three- It’s at all times a white wine largely grown in Veneto, with a small share in Friuli–Venezia Giulia.

Four- Prosecco DOC is the biggest denomination of origin in Italy and Glera produces the very best quantity of any Italian DOP.

5-  Initially the grape was referred to as Prosecco (and a number of other variants resembling Prosecco Tondo) however the identify was modified in 2009 so as to defend the Prosecco identify from worldwide appropriation.

A Glera winery in Prosecco wine nation, Veneto, Italy

5 Issues You Didn’t Learn about Glera & Prosecco:

1- There’s an precise city referred to as Prosecco, situated in Friuli Venezia Giulia’s province of Trieste.

2- Since 2013, extra bottles of Prosecco are offered globally than even bottles of French Champagne (307 million bottles of Prosecco offered in 2013 versus 304 million of Champagne that 12 months).

Three- The fermentation of Glera in tanks slightly than in bottle like in Champagne ends in extra inexpensive glowing wines. You do get extra wine on your bucks!

Four- Not all Prosecco is glowing! Most are certainly spumante (abundantly bubbly), however some come as the marginally fizzy model referred to as frizzante, and even solely nonetheless as tranquillo (though these are not often seen exterior of Italy).

5- Prosecco has each DOC and DOCG standing. Customary Prosecco comes beneath the Denominazione di Origine Controllatta ‘Prosecco DOC’. However some small vineyards areas with vines rising in limestone-rich and steep hillsides profit from the Prosecco Superiore DOCG appellation resembling Conegliano Valdobbiadene, Cartizze, Asolo or Rive.

The hierarchy of high quality ranges and appellations of Prosecco – Picture Supply:Prosecco.it

Glera: The Grapes behind Prosecco Bubblies

Prosecco wines MUST be made predominantly from Glera grape, which should account for 85% of the ultimate mix.

Different permitted varieties (as much as 15%) are each native (Verdiso, Bianchetta Trevigiana, Perera and Glera Lunga) and traditional worldwide grapes (Chardonnay, Pinot Bianco/Blanc, Pinot Grigio/Gris and Pinot Nero/Noir).

When grown within the giant Venetian plains with just about unrestricted yields, Glera’s expression can change into slightly impartial on account of a scarcity of fragrant compound focus.

However when planted on well-exposed slopes (south-facing and sunny ones) with managed yields, Glera can produces aromatic wines.

Limestone terroir provides depth, leanness, and finesse to the Prosecco wines resembling these discovered within the Prosecco di Conegliano-Valdobbiadene DOCG vineyards.

The grape is comparatively late-ripening and liable to fungal ailments. Glera can be vulnerable to water stress and requires soils with good water retention properties.

Glera grapes are moft-often machine-harvested, though some DOCG laws command grapes to be picked by hand.

Harvest of Glera grapes Veneto, Italy

Fragrant Profile & Tasting Notes

Glera is taken into account a semi-aromatic selection, though when grown on flat land with unrestricted yields, it turns into slightly impartial.

If planted on south-facing slopes with managed yields, Glera produces expressive fruity and floral bubblies characterised by aromas and flavors of:

  • Citrus: lime, lemon, grapefruit or mandarin
  • Pipfruit: Apple & Pear
  • Honey & Floral Characters: acacia honey and flowers, elderflower, lily, daisy

Prosecco wines are marked by a distinctively excessive acidity, including freshness and amplifying the zesty taste characters of the grapes.

It’s believed that natural Prosecco may be extra aromatic and fragrant, because the grapes develop thicker due to this fact extra flavorsome skins.

From Prosecco to Glera: The Cause for a Identify Change (2009)

Initially the grape was referred to as Prosecco (extra exactly Prosecco Tondo) however the identify was modified in 2009 so as to defend the Prosecco identify from worldwide appropriation.

As a result of earlier than 2009, Prosecco was the identify of the grape used to make the glowing wines that got here beneath the Prosecco IGT (typical geographical indication of origin) in northern Italy, some other nation and vineyard exterior of Italy might doubtlessly use it, similar to Chardonnay or Cabernet Sauvignon which at the moment are grown all around the globe (see an instance right here with an Australian Prosecco).

Natural Prosecco DOC Vineyard & Glera Vineyards in Veneto, Italy

To forestall the worldwide wine scene from utilizing the unique Prosecco identify and defend their heritage, Italian authorities modified the identify of the grape to Glera, after which claimed the identify Prosecco as a protected indication of a spot.

The presence of the city named Prosecco situated within the province of Trieste (Carso triestino) which was traditionally linked to the origin of the grape selection which was already listed within the Nationwide Register of Grape Varieties as a historic synonym of Prosecco legitimized the declare earlier than the E.U authorities.

This official recognition taken by the Italian Ministry for Agricultural and Meals Insurance policies in collaboration with the European Union, allowed stopping imitation and exploitation of the identify.

As a result of the E.U. has agreements with many international locations around the globe to guard its indications of origin (resembling Champagne, Burgundy, Bordeaux or for a lot of of its cheeses e.g. Grana Padano) wine producer exterior of the Italian Prosecco DOC and DOCG denominations space might not use the time period on a wine label, however solely the time period Glera.

Historical past of Glera in Temporary

The earliest documentation in regards to the cultivation of Prosecco selection within the Veneto area dates again to 1754.

The 1870 “Ampelografia Generale della Provincia di Treviso” features a Prosecco bianco, tersely outlined as a “favorite selection for fantastic wine”.

In 1907, within the “Rivista della Scuola di Viticoltura ed Enologia di Conegliano” (The Journal of the Viticulture and Oenology College of Conegliano), F. Antonio Sannino supplied a slightly detailed account of the Prosecco cultivars rising within the Treviso hills.

In newer occasions, after World Warfare II, Prosecco was given its first increase in improvement and its first safety by the legislation on the Denominazioni di Origine dei Vini (Delimitation of Wine Origins).

Based on the 2000 Agriculture Census, some Four,000 ha within the DOC Prosecco di Conegliano e Valdobbiadene zone have been planted to Prosecco. In 2005, that rose past Four,700, to change into 5,700 in 2010. Supply  springer.com

Meals Pairings for Glera & Prosecco Wine

Due to its acidity and its discrete xesty flavors, Prosecco bubblies are versatile food-friendly wines.

Here’s a choice although of notably profitable Prosecco pairing articles with varied worldwide delicacies types (observe hyperlink or click on on picture to learn extra):

Be taught Extra about ‘What’s Prosecco?’

We’ve gone by means of all the commonest questions you will have about Prosecco bubbles, to get you to know the essence of this ultra-famous however generally misjudged Italian wine. You’ll find the finest Prosecco wines, the totally different sweetness ranges (dry, brut, extra-dry), the standard ranges, Champagne Vs Prosecco, details about #NationalProseccoWeek and way more by means of the article beneath.

Learn Extra about Prosecco Wine & Infographics.

Infographic Information to Prosecco Wine

Four Causes to Select an Natural Prosecco

Why would I select and purchase an Natural Prosecco or much more typically an natural wine as a substitute of a standard (non-organic) one?

You may be questioning. Nicely, there are a number of legitimate causes to take action.

Discover out the Four Causes You’d Need an Natural Prosecco.

The Challenges of Rising Natural Prosecco

 Whereas many producers merely benefit from the international tendencies of simple and rising international gross sales, one vineyard, the Corvezzo Vineyard, has determined to take a particular strategy utilizing varied environmentally-friendly manufacturing practices, and producing completely natural wines throughout their complete vary, together with many profitable natural Prosecco and Pinot Grigio wines.

To study extra about how one finds himself changing into the #1 natural Prosecco and Pinot Grigio winery in Italy, I’ve requested the proprietor of this half-a-century-old household vineyard, Giovanni Corvezzo —who calls himself the Completely happy Farmer—, to inform us extra about his strategy to viticulture, winemaking, enterprise, and natural wine.

Learn the Interview with Giovanni Corvezzo.

Sources & References

prosecco.it

jancisrobinson.com

theorganicprosecco.com

This text was developed in collaboration with the main producer of Natural Prosecco wines, Corvezzo Vineyard.

Be taught extra about them on Corvezzo.it