Posts Tagged ‘Term’

Wine Time period: Teinturier Grapes

What’s a Teinturier Grape?

A teinturier grape is purple wine grape with darkish skins and flesh. In distinction, common purple wine grapes have darkish skins, however clear flesh. Fittingly, the phrase “teinturier” comes from the French “to dye or stain.”

Teinturier grapes aren’t a standard sight within the winery.


Wait, Pink Wine Grapes Have Clear Juice?

Certainly! It’s really the grape pores and skin that creates the colour of the wine.

When the skins are soaked in juice, anthocyanin (colour pigment) is launched, actually staining the wine consequently. For that purpose, we are able to have things like rosé (restricted pores and skin contact) and white Pinot Noir (zero pores and skin contact–made like a white wine.)

Although, like most issues in wine, there’s an exception to the rule. It’s close to unimaginable to make a white Syrah or Cabernet Sauvignon because the skins stain the juice nearly instantly, consequently making a not white wine. Included on this group of “at all times purple” wines are teinturier grapes with darkish skins and purple flesh.

Why Do Teinturier Grapes Exist?

It’s a pure mutation. It’s thought that these red-fleshed grapes have been grown so as to add visible depth to Aramon wine. Aramon (which continues to be in existence right now) is a extremely productive, mildew-resistant purple wine selection from Languedoc-Roussillon.

Starting within the 19th Century and spanning into the 1960s, Aramon was supposedly France’s most generally grown grape. Sadly, it was grown for high quality (not amount) and largely discovered its manner into low-cost, easy-drinking rosé. Womp womp.

Teinturier Grapes Chambourcin, Saperavi, Alicante Bouschet Illustration by Wine Folly

three Examples of Teinturier Grapes

Alicante Bouschet

If you happen to already knew about teinturier grapes, that is probably the grape you had in thoughts! Initially cultivated in 1866 so as to add visible depth to Aramon, Alicante is thought for producing being deep, darkish purple wines when used alone. It hasn’t at all times loved the very best of reputations. (At all times the blender, by no means the blendee, eh, Alicante?) Nevertheless, that’s altering quick in Spain and Portugal the place it’s made into textured wines with wealthy blackberry flavors and spice notes.


The pleasure of Georgia (the nation, not the state) and broadly planted all through the previous Soviet Republic, this teinturier grape makes, yep, you guessed it, deep, darkish purple wines with ample acidity. In contrast to Alicante, Saperavi is usually referred to as a single-varietal wine with finer examples boasting age-worthy potential. It’s the wine you need if you’re chowing down on a stuffed, meaty pasta.


(“Sham-boor-sin”) Not solely is cold-resistant Chambourcin a teinturier grape, it’s additionally a French-American hybrid! (Good ol’ North American melting pot!) You could have observed a “deep and darkish” sample with these wines, however Chambourcin is definitely extra akin to Cabernet Franc. If you will get your fingers on it, count on strong black cherry flavors, together with some tobacco and inexperienced pepper notes. It might even change your opinion of wines produced from hybrid grapes…


Historical past of Teinturier: Robinson, Jancis, The Oxford Companion to Wine, pg. 13, 31, 645-646, 732


By Vincent Rendoni
I am a spicy meatball who loves light-bodied reds, fragrant whites, video video games, and for higher or worse, Seattle sports activities groups. I used to be an enormous fan of Wine Folly earlier than being employed, so I assume you might say I am residing the dream.

Wine Time period: Cool Local weather

The local weather tremendously impacts what wines develop and the way they style. The time period “cool local weather” refers to wine areas which concentrate on varieties like Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, and Sauvignon Blanc.


Cool Local weather Wines

Sure wine varieties won’t totally ripen if grown in a cool local weather. For instance, you’ll hardly ever, if ever, discover grapes like Grenache and Cabernet Sauvignon rising efficiently in a cooler area. As an alternative, look forward to finding extra white wine varieties and chic or fragrant reds. Listed here are a couple of examples of sorts that produce distinctive wines when grown in a cool local weather:


Pink Wines

Pinot Noir, Gamay, Schiava, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Rondo, Regent, Lagrein, Chambourcin

Pink wines from cool climates are inclined to have increased acidity, style extra spicy, have decrease alcohol, and a lighter physique.

White Wines

Müller-Thurgau, Sauvignon Blanc, Chardonnay, Chasselas, Pinot Gris, Riesling, Madeleine Angevine, Bacchus, Solaris

White wines from cool climates are inclined to have increased acidity, extra lemon-lime aromas, and are sometimes decrease alcohol, with a really gentle physique.

Cool Local weather Wine Areas

Totally different wine varieties choose totally different climates. This statement was made again in 2006, when a climatologist named Dr. Gregory V. Jones studied how local weather variations influenced vine rising. The outcomes of his work outlined 4 main local weather varieties for grape rising and the wine varieties greatest fitted to every local weather.

In accordance with Jones, cool local weather wine areas have common rising season temperatures of 55–59 ºF (13–15 ºC) and 850–1389 rising degree-days (Winkler Index). Wish to know if a area has a cool local weather? Typically you’ll discover that cool local weather areas have all 4 seasons, cooler summer season days, and a shorter rising season.

A number of examples of cooler local weather wine rising areas could embody:

  • Marlborough, New Zealand: A area that focuses on zippy and lean Sauvignon Blanc wines.
  • Chablis, France: A area in Burgundy that focuses on a lean, zippy model of Chardonnay that’s often unoaked.
  • Willamette Valley, Oregon: A area recognized for its extra elegant Pinot Noir and fruity Pinot Gris wines.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige, Italy: Valleys within the foothills of the Italian Alps specializing in minerally white and glowing wines.
  • Mosel, Germany: A steep river valley in Germany that produces high-quality Riesling wines.
  • Okanagan Valley, Canada: A dry, northern-latitude area of British Columbia specializing in Merlot, Chardonnay, Riesling and Pinot Gris
  • Champagne, France: A cool area specializing in glowing wines made with Chardonnay, Pinot Noir and Pinot Meunier

Local weather Change Is Making New Cool Local weather Wine Areas


With local weather change, you possibly can count on wine areas which might be at present “cool” to grow to be hotter and areas that had been as soon as to chill to develop grapes to have the ability to develop grapes. Areas which are actually beginning to produce probably nice cool local weather wines embody:

  • Michigan, USA: Riesling, Pinot Gris, Chambourcin, and different French-Hybrids
  • Poland: Riesling, Chardonnay, Pinot Noir
  • Denmark: Rondo, Müller-Thurgau, Solaris
  • Netherlands: Chardonnay, Pinot Gris, Müller-Thurgau
  • Sweden: Chardonnay, Vidal, Regent, Solaris
  • Puget Sound, Washington: Müller-Thurgau, Madeleine Angevine, Melon
  • England: Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Bacchus
  • Nova Scotia, Canada: Cabernet Franc, Chardonnay
  • Tasmania, Australia: Pinot Noir, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc

Local weather Change and rising cool local weather wine areas


By Madeline Puckette
I am a licensed sommelier and creator of the NYT Bestseller, Wine Folly: The Important Information to Wine. Discover me on the market within the wine world @WineFolly