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What Are Wine Tannins? – Wine 101 Movies (Ep. 6)

Unveil the mysteries of wine tannins. You’ll by no means drink wine the identical method once more!

You’d be shocked by what number of of us nonetheless suppose wine tannins trigger complications! The reality is that tannins are surprisingly good. So, what are they? And, why are they so “good?”

Wine Tannins

The time period “tannins in wine” describes a number of courses of phenolic compounds. These embody non-flavonoid phenolics (ellagitannin) and flavonoid phenolics (condensed tannins, catechins, anthocyanins).

In different phrases, the stuff that tastes bitter and astringent in wine is tannin!

The entire wines displayed are excessive in tannins. That mentioned, there’s fairly a variety, even on this finish of the spectrum!

Tannins are discovered primarily within the skins, seeds, and stems of grapes. Truly, they’re present in every kind of vegetation! A number of extra examples of tannin together with vegetation (that you would be able to eat) embody apples, walnuts, inexperienced tea, and darkish chocolate.

Tannins are a part of a plant’s pure protection in opposition to pests, illness, and UV radiation. And, they’ve confirmed to be surprisingly good for people too.

  • Condensed tannins (epicatechin and catechin – present in daring, astringent crimson wines) have been proven to scale back ldl cholesterol in people.
  • Ellagitannin (present in oak barrels and muscadine grapes) has been proven to combat weight problems in chubby mice.

Get The Ebook

The companion to this sequence is the new Wine Folly Information – fully redesigned and rebuilt from the bottom up. This one has over two instances the content material of the primary, bestselling guide.

Sweetness in Wine – Wine 101 Movies (Ep. 5)

Shocking info about wine sweetness you don’t wish to miss!

This week, Madeline Puckette jumps into one of the vital misunderstood matters in wine.

Wine Sweetness

What’s wine sweetness and the place does it come from?

Most sweetness in wine comes from pure grape sugars leftover after the fermentation has stopped. Wine individuals seek advice from it as “residual sugar,” or RS for brief. Wines with out sweetness are referred to as “dry” wines.

Frequent data is that sweetness is set by the kind of grape (Moscato, Riesling, Gewürztraminer, and many others). Nevertheless, usually, sweetness is definitely managed by the winemaker!

The winemaker is the one who chooses to cease the fermentation earlier than all of the grape sugars have been eaten by the yeast. Pow! Candy wine!

After all, the market additionally dictates which varietal wines have sweetness. For instance, within the US, most wine patrons consider Riesling as a candy wine. Thus, winemakers are inclined to make Riesling candy as a result of that’s what the market desires.

That mentioned, if you happen to go over to Germany (the Riesling capital of the world!) and choose up an honest German VDP Riesling, you’ll uncover they’re truly fairly dry!

The widespread measurements of wine sweetness are in grams per liter or proportion.

What Are the Sweetness Ranges in Wine?

That is the place issues begin to get fuzzy. There’s truly a large vary of sweetness ranges in wine.

Within the Wine Folly e-book, we break up sweetness up into 5 classes:

  1. Bone Dry Wines
    Wines with lower than 1 g/L of residual sugar (RS) or zero.1% sweetness.
  2. Dry Wines
    Wines with 1–17 g/L of RS or as much as 1.7% sweetness.
  3. Off-Dry Wines (aka “semi-sweet”)
    Wines with 17–35 g/L of RS or as much as three.5% sweetness.
  4. Candy Wines
    Wines with 35–120 g/L of RS or as much as 12% sweetness. (These are candy like Coca-Cola, which has 113 g/L sweetness).
  5. Very Candy Wines
    Wines with over 120 g/L of RS or over 12% sweetness.

Listed here are a couple of instance wines utilizing a barely completely different scale:

We People Are Really Fairly Unhealthy at Tasting Sweetness

It’s true. Our palates have over 26 completely different receptors tuned to sense bitterness however just one devoted to sweetness! The widespread wine drinker can barely distinguish sweetness beneath 2% or 20 g/L of RS.

So loads of wines that we consider as “dry” even have a gram (or three) of residual sugar! At these low ranges, sweetness provides physique and a extra oily texture to wine, which is very fascinating to most wine drinkers.

A Few Examples

Listed here are a couple of examples, together with wines in any respect high quality ranges:

Amarone della Valpolicella is certainly one of Italy’s most coveted crimson wines. Top quality examples of Amarone will simply age over 50 years (when saved correctly)!

Surprisingly (for many), many Amarone della Valpolicella vary from about four–11 g/L of residual sugar. They do that to assist stability the style and assist the fruity flavors of cherries and chocolate come to the forefront.

New Zealand Sauvignon Blanc wines generally have over a couple of grams per liter of residual sugar. Why? Properly, this area produces Sauvignon Blanc with such excessive acidity that slightly residual sugar helps counterbalance the tartness of the wine.

The vary we’ve seen goes from about four–20 g/L of RS (so the instance above is fairly nominal and dry!). Residual sugar in New Zealand Sauvignon Blanc turns bitter flavors of lime peel into lush, tasty notes of ardour fruit and gooseberry.

Bulk-made wines are one of many largest customers of residual sugar in wines (of every type)! In case you take a look at most worth wines within the US market, you’ll see numerous them use residual sugar to make wines style fruitier and bolder.

That is the place the controversy about sweetness in wines actually comes from.

Many bulk wines use over 10 g/L of RS, which a skilled sommelier can simply establish. Thus, you’ll hear loads of wine lovers and specialists poo-poo RS as a result of they consider it as dishonest.

And, in loads of instances, they’re not flawed!

Is RS the Satan?

In case you ask me, residual sugar isn’t the satan. It’s only a instrument within the winemaker’s toolkit to make nice tasting wines.

Some wines actually shine with a couple of grams of residual sugar. After all, as with all issues: moderation is vital!

What’s extra vital is that we wine drinkers find out about residual sugar in wine and fearlessly experiment tasting completely different wines in order that we perceive the way it works on our personal style buds.

Some will adore it, others will hate it. The selection is as much as you!

Get The E-book

The companion to this sequence is the new Wine Folly Information – fully redesigned and rebuilt from the bottom up. This one has over two occasions the content material of the primary, bestselling e-book.

How To Learn a Wine Label – Wine 101 Movies (Ep. four)

Cease attempting to memorize labels. There’s a greater means!

Do you know that there are over 100 thousand new wines and new vintages which can be launched by the TTB (Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Commerce Bureau – ttb.gov) every year?

Understanding this reality would possibly make you rethink your technique of memorize labels. Thankfully, there’s a greater means!

If you happen to simmer down all of the labels to their meta info, you’ll understand there are primarily three ways in which wines are categorised:

  1. Wines labeled by selection.
  2. Wines labeled by area.
  3. Wines labeled by made-up identify.

It is a Riesling from Napa Valley by Smith-Madrone that’s labeled by grape selection.

Wines labeled by selection should not at all times 100% single selection.

Completely different nations have completely different labeling minimums. For instance, the US requires simply 75% of the listed selection (most often), whereas, Argentina requires 80% of the listed selection. Some particular person, categorised areas, resembling Brunello di Montalcino, require 100%! (That is made out of Sangiovese grapes, BTW).

A bottle of Muscadet wine – Muscadet is a area in France that produces white wines with Melon grapes.

It’s frequent to search out wines labeled by area in outdated world nations together with France, Italy, Spain, and Portugal.

Again within the early 1800s, the native vintner-farmers would band collectively to advertise their area. Every area would pool assets and market their distinctive product.

Essentially the most profitable areas produced singular and constant wines. These regional wines embrace among the most well-known wine blends of all time!

That is an Italian Supertuscan mix that makes use of a fantasy or made-up identify, “Terrestre.”

What occurs when you might have a singular wine that’s nothing like what your neighbors make? And, what in case your wine is a particular concoction of wine grapes?

Whenever you don’t comply with regional wine guidelines and don’t follow a single grape, then you definately’ll need to go your personal means. Within the wine world, we name this a made-up or fantasy identify.

A number of superb wines on the market on the planet use this technique.

After all, actually low-cost, bulk wines use this similar technique. So, be sure you do your analysis!

Get The Guide

The companion to this sequence is the new Wine Folly Information – fully redesigned and rebuilt from the bottom up. This one has over two occasions the content material of the primary, bestselling guide.

Step Inside The Circuit With Johnnie Walker Black Label® – Exclusive Videos With Lewis Hamilton And Jenson Button

Article by RealWire

The makers of Johnnie Walker Black Label have launched ‘Step Inside the Circuit’ to offer an inside look into the glamorous and jet set life of an F1™ driver. The campaign is a celebration of Johnnie Walker’s partnership with the Vodafone McLaren Mercedes F1 team and offers an intimate insight into the world of Jenson Button, Lewis Hamilton and the rest of the team both on and off the track.

Central to ‘Step Inside the Circuit’ is a series of short films shot during the 2010 season. The films enable fans to travel with the drivers to some of the most famous and exciting race locations in the Grand Prix calendar. Exclusive behind the scenes photographs are also scheduled for release which capture the stylish and sophisticated world of Lewis Hamilton and Jenson Button as Grand Prix drivers.

The first of six films is released today with others scheduled for gradual release through to the start of the 2011 season in March when new films will be produced. The first film ‘Meet the Team’ features key people from behind the scenes at the Vodafone McLaren Mercedes F1 team – the mechanics, the pit-crew, the trainers and the people who are integral to the team’s success.

To coincide with the launch a Johnnie Walker Black Label limited edition pack has been produced. The Johnnie Walker Gold Pass pack will provide opportunities to win ‘one of a kind’ motorsport experiences and prizes, including an incredible money can’t buy chance to live the glamorous lifestyle by joining Lewis and Jenson in Monaco over the Grand Prix weekend in May 2011. Others can also visit the Johnnie Walker Step Inside Facebook page for the chance to win spot prizes and see the films first as they are released.

Lisa Everingham, Johnnie Walker Brand Manager GB comments: “We have been able to capture content that no race fans have ever seen before. Through these films we bring to life the lifestyle of the world’s most in demand Grand Prix drivers including how they relax and celebrate a job well done, whilst showcasing the hard working and progressive nature of the Vodafone McLaren Mercedes F1 team.”

Former World Champion and Vodafone McLaren Mercedes F1 team driver Jenson Button added: “This is a unique opportunity for people to see me, Lewis and the team in our natural environment and should give people a true appreciation of what we get up to behind the scenes and the hard work and effort that goes into creating a winning team.”